HEXAGONAL TUNGSTEN BRONZE AND PYROCHLORE TYPE CRYSTALS

Ferroelectric domains in the RbNbWO6 crystals under polarized microscope

There is a broad family of compounds A(B,W)3O9 where A = K, Rb, Cs, Tl, whereas B are cations of different elements from Li+ to Nb5+ and Ta5+. All these compounds have the structure of hexagonal tungsten bronze type with wide channels along c axis in which cations A+ are situated. It was found that many of these compounds undergo ferroelectric transitions. Single crystals some of them, KNbW2O9, RbNbW2O9, TlNbW2O9, and K3AlW8O27, were grown from fluxed melts and their structural features, phase transitions, and physical properties were studied in details. All the crystals are characterized by complicated polymorphism in the temperature range from room temperature to 800oC with the formation polar and nonpolar phases and with rearrangements of domain structures. In polar state all the crystals show a high nonlinear optical susceptibility.

Another group of new potential ferroelectrics consists of compounds A(B,W)2O6 having the structure of "defect" pyrochlore type with incompletely filled voids in a rigid framework of (B,W)O6 octahedra. Here elements A are K, Rb, Tl, and elements B are Al and Nb. Some of these crystals exhibit diffuse ferroelectric phase transitions in the range of 50-240oC. It was noted that voids in these crystals can be reversible occupied by water molecules with the formation of hydrated forms A(B,W)2O6 nH2O. Ferroelectric transitions in these crystals are apparently related to collective interactions of A+ cations. Strongly polarized molecules of absorbed water can be involved in these processes considerably affecting the dielectric and nonlinear optical properties.

 

Main publications:

  1. Ferroelectrics with the structure of hexagonal tungsten bronze type. V.K.Yanovskii, V.I.Voronkova, and I.P.Klimova. Ferroelectrics, 1983, v.48, p.239.
  2. New compounds ABnW3-nO9 with the structure of hexagonal tungsten bronze. I.P.Klimova, V.I.Voronkova, and V.K.Yanovskii. Neorg. mater., 1995, v.31, p.262.
  3. Peculiarities of crystal chemistry, polymorphism and dielectric properties of the K(MxW1-x)2O6 tungstates. A.A.Bosenko, T.P.Petrovskaya, and V.K.Yanovskii. Neorg. mater., 1980, v.16, p.1076.
  4. Neutronographic refining of the atomic structures of RbNbWO6 and TlNbWO6 crystals. N.N.Bydanov, T.S.Chernaya, L.A.Muradyan, V.A.Sarin, E.E.Ryder, A.A.Bosenko, and V.K.Yanovskii. Kristallographiya, 1987, v.32, p.623.

 

 

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